Blessed with the gifts of modern science, man is puffed up (গর্বিত) with pride. In his pride of power he proclaims himself, the Lord of land, air and water and there is none to the dispute his right. To teach him a good lesson nature appears before him “red in tooth and claw”
Bangladesh is low land. It has many rivers. She is also in the monsoon area. It rains heavily during the monsoon period. So floods are very common in our country. Almost every year flood visits our country. The latest news of flood is here
In the remote past, it was believed that flood is the outcome of God’s wrath upon man. When people of a particular area committed sin, God punished them by sending floods in that area. With the growth of scientific knowledge, man has however come to realize that floods are caused by heavy rains. Rivers cannot hold the waters. As a result, they overflow their banks and cause a flood, Floods are caused by some other reasons. Sometimes, there is a heavy rush of water from the mountain through our rivers. The sudden melting of snow or tidal bores causes the flood.
Damage: The havoc (ধ্বংস) done by flood beggars description, it causes heavy damage to our lives and properties (সম্পত্তি). Houses are destroyed, cattle are washed away (ভাসিয়ে নিয়ে যায়), crops are greatly damaged (ফসলের ব্যাপক ক্ষতি হয়) and trees are uprooted. The Weak (দুর্বল লােকেরা), the invalid and the children meet watery grave fat ).
The strong (শক্তিশালী লােকজন) climb up the trees or housetops and save themselves. Thousands of people become homeless or shelterless. They remain (থাকে) without food for many days on housetops or on the branches of trees. All communications from the outside world are cut off. Then people move by boats.
The flood of 1988 broke the records of the past. Never before did water level rise so high nor was the duration 50 long. The whole country went underwater. All communication was cut off. Normal activities (স্বাভাবিক কার্যকলাপ) was stopped for a long time. Many people became homeless. The miseries (দুঃখের) of the affected people knew no bounds (সীমা ছিল না). Crops were greatly damaged. Herds of cattle were washed away. Thousands of people met watery grave (সলিল সমাধি ) In a word (এক কথায়) the havoc (ধংস ) was so great that it took a long time to repair the loss.
But the after effect of floods are more serious. Famine breaks out (দুর্ভিক্ষ দেখা দেয়) in the flood-affected areas ( বন্যা করলিত এলাকায়) and many people die for want of food. The prices of all necessary things go up (জিনিসের দাম বেড়ে যায়), Warny dangerous diseases (মারাত্মক ব্যাধি) like cholera, typhoid, and dysentery, etc. break out in an epidemic form (মহামারী আকারে দেখা দেয়). Scarcity of good drinking water (সুপেয় জলের দুষ্প্রাপ্যতা) causes great suffering. It ruins the economy of a country.
Merits: Floods do a little good to man. During floods our rivers carry a great deal of earth and mud which we call silt (পলিমাটি). This silt makes the land fertile. As a result, many kinds of crops grow in plenty (প্রচুর পরিমাণে). Floods also carry away waste matters ( বর্জ্য পদার্থ).
Relief work: During and after the flood the relief work should go on
Otherwise (অন্যথায়) the miseries to the affected people will increase (
বেড়ে যাবে). During the flood government and some other voluntary organizations (স্বেচ্ছাসেবামূলক সংগঠন) come forward to help the flood-affected people. Relief camps are opened. People get food clothes and other necessary things there. The affected people should be sheltered and fed for a long time. Loans should be given them so that they could again run their family.
How to prevent floods: Proner steps should be taken to control food. All the divers should be re-excavated ( পুন খনন) and good drainage system should be introduced. A large number of sluices and outlets should be made for the easy passing of rainwater
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