Bangladesh is a land of rivers. The health, wealth and the happiness of Bangladesh depend on her rivers. There are many big and small rivers. The Padma, the Meghna, the Jamuna are the big and wide rivers. The Buriganga, the Sitalakshya, the Dhaleswari, the Teesta, the Madhumati, the Gumati, and the Karnafoli are small rivers. Most of the rivers of our country rise from the Himalayas and fall into the Bay of Bengal.
Importance to our agriculture
The rivers are the source of our wealth. Bangladesh is an agricultural country (কৃষিপ্রধান দেশ). The prosperity (উন্নতি) of agriculture depends on the rivers. These rivers have made the soil fertile. So rice, jute, tea, and other crops grow in plenty here.
Source of fish
Our rivers abound with fish. Fish is an important wealth. Our fishermen catch a huge quantity of fish and export to foreign countries. Thus they earn a lot of foreign exchange.
Important channels of communication
The rivers of our main ways of communication. Boats, launches, and steamers move on these rivers in all seasons. Men and goods are carried from one town to another part to another. All these are possible only for river communication.
Importance in the fields of Trade, Commerce, and Industries
Most of the cities towns, industries, hats, bazaars, trade-centers are on the bank of rivers. The products of mills, factories, and industries are easily carried to rent places through rivers. Raw materials from far and near can be carried easily to our industries. Thus our rivers help in commerce, trade and industry.
Source of power and electricity
Some of our rivers are the source of energy. This energy helps our industries. Some of the rivers are used to produce electricity. Goalpara and Karnafuli hydro-electric projects are used to solve the electricity problem.
Influence of rivers on the people
The rivers have a great influence on the people of our country. We love rivers, water, and music. The rivers have made us emotional and sentimental. Much of our joys and happiness depend on rivers.
Influence on art and literature
The rivers have influenced many of our writers and poets. Many rivers have found expressions in the writings of Rabindranath Tagore. Kazi Nazrul Islam, Michael Modhusudhan and Jasim Uddin. Some of the Bengali novels have been named after our rivers: Padma Nadir Manjhi and Padma promatha. Our artists and painters like Jainul Abedin have been much influenced by our rivers. Shari, Bhatiali, and Murshidi are the expressions (4 ) of our village people’s love for rivers.
Sometimes the rivers cause great damage to our life and property. In the rainy season, the rivers overflow their banks and cause the flood. People suffer untold sufferings.
In spite of the little harm, They are the source of our wealth, health and happiness. They are the source of our wealth, health and happiness.
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