Introduction: Rural development means the development of the village. Bangladesh is a land of villages. More than 80 percent of her people live in villages. So the importance of villages in our body politic is great. The development of the entire country depends on the welfare of these villages. So it is essential to keep the villages in a flourishing condition.
Various aspects: In our country, rural development has various aspects. The most important of them are agriculture, education, communication, sanitary and health, cottage industries, fishery, co-operative societies community life, etc.
Improvement of communication (যােগাযােগ ব্যবস্থার উন্নয়ন): A good communication is essential (UT I ) for the development of the villages. With this end in view, our government has taken some practical measures. Many new roads have been constructed and many old roads and culverts have been repaired. There are also some pucca roads. Nowadays we see that buses, auto-rickshaws, trucks, rickshaws, etc move on the pucca roads in the rural areas. Today farmers are sending their products to towns and cities. It has been possible only because of the improvement in communication. But this is not enough. Means of communication should be developed more.
Education: Education is the backbone of a nation. Without education, a nation can not prosper. It is education which illumines the soul, broadens the outlooks on life and dispels the darkness of ignorance. Bangladesh is a poor country. About 85% percent of her population lives in the village. They do not know how to read and write. We can not reach the peak of prosperity and progress until and unless we can remove the curse of illiteracy from a lot of our people. Our government has put the topmost significance on education and paid due attention to this much-talked problem. Our government is determined to free the nation from the curse of illiteracy within a very short time. Thousands of educational institutions have been established to flood rural areas with the light of education.
Agriculture: Bangladesh is an agricultural country. Agriculture is the lifeblood of her economy. Again about eighty percent of our people are engaged in agriculture who live in villages. Even in this modern scientific age, our agriculture is very backward. But at present, it is very happy news that our government has taken active steps and necessary measures for the progress of agriculture, such as supplying the farmers with modern scientific tools for good seeds, fertilizer at a cheaper rate, agricultural loans on easy terms and many other things. The irrigation system has been improved. Many measures have been adopted to control natural calamities.
Health and Sanitation: “Health is wealth” goes the proverb. So a nation blessed with good health is the greatest blessing on earth. But we are far From this blessing. As most of the villagers are illiterate, they have no knowledge of health and sanitation. Most of the villagers suffer from various diseases. They look like a skeleton. But this miserable condition is changing slowly. Many hospitals, health centers, clinics, and charitable dispensaries have been set up in rural areas to ensure health facilities to the poor rural people.
Water Supply: Pure drinking water was very scarce(Tato) in the past People used to drink water from ponds. As a result, they suffered from many water-borne diseases. Nowadays every village has at least one or more tube wells.
Cottage industry: Though eighty percent of our villagers are engaged in agriculture, a large number of them remain idle for the greater part of the year. They can be employed if the cottage industries are revived and developed. They can earn a decent living from them. The cottage industries can provide employment to a large number of people and in this way, the unemployment problem can be solved to some extent. Government has taken active steps to revive the cottage industries. They are being developed through co-operative schemes.
Poultry & Fishery: By raising more Poultry and cultivating fish more, we can develop our villages. Our government has paid much attention to these things. The poor villagers are given a loan on easy terms. Many unused marshy lands have been brought under fish cultivation.
Conclusion: Through the development of the villages our country will reach the peak of progress and prosperity. Let us all come forward and work with concerted efforts to develop our villages.
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